Digital economy

Digital Economy and Social Security Observatory

The Digital Economy will profoundly transform our daily life, how we work and how we live.

The Observatory will provide ISSA members with an understanding of the opportunities and the challenges it will present to social security administrations.

It will look at this transformation from two angles: the changing environment in which social security institutions evolve and how Social Security institutions themselves will be impacted and can respond to these challenges.


Economic impact

The increasing impact of the digital economy will likely see changes in capital versus labour market share, changes in job organisation, economic transformation and focus on new industries.

Whilst job losses are likely in some industries, this may have an impact on competiveness and productivity meaning a slowdown in delocalisation and more competitive developed economies.

Therefore the same industries may lose certain types of jobs but gain others. Countries’ industrial strategies are likely to change to greater focus on value added industries and those that respond to the challenges of this century, most notably climate change and the scarcity of natural resources.

Unemployment systems are likely to have to adapt to provide a more holistic approach taking into account partial employment, flexible work and individuals having numerous careers.

The financing of social security will need to be rethought in the context of this transformation including current and future ideas to adapt to these changes, such as basic income , flat rate fixed benefits and the taxation of different means of production.

Whilst social security systems will continue to meet life cycle needs, institutions will increasingly act as a catalyst and support to these changes and at the same time take policy decision to ensure sustainability and the payment of adequate benefits.

Ten global challenges for social security

Media Monitor Media Monitor

4 June 2018

ILO (15.06.2018) Social protection systems around the world face challenges to provide full and effective coverage for workers in all forms of employment, including those in “new” forms of employment. This paper provides a review of innovative approaches that countries have undertaken to close coverage and adequacy gaps, and to adapt social protection systems to changing circumstances and demands through a combination of contributory and non-contributory mechanisms. 

4 June 2018 (31.05.2018) The 71st World Health Assembly has adopted a resolution on Digital Health initiated by India, to recognise the potential of digital technologies for the development of digital healthcare services and to advance the Sustainable Development Goals.

31 May 2018

Forum OECD (24.05.2018)  The “operating system” of the Country, a series of fundamental blocks upon which services for citizens, the Public Administration, and enterprises are built.

29 May 2018 (15.05.2018) «Depuis cinq ans, les économies dites avancées discutent de la meilleure façon de s’adapter au nouveau monde du travail. Celui du travail non structuré. On ne fait rien, on attend les données. Vouloir connaître le nombre de travailleurs de l’économie de plateforme équivaut à tenter de capturer le vent dans un filet!» Joachim Breuer, président, Association internationale de la sécurité sociale (ISSA).

29 May 2018

Le Club de Mediapart (29.05.2018) Dans les médias, les informations concernant les rapports entre robotisation et suppression d’emplois sont très rares, d’où l’intérêt de cette émission. Pourtant, ce problème est présent de longue date, quasiment depuis le début de la « révolution industrielle ».

28 May 2018

Challenges (mai 2018) Haro sur les ressources humaines qui ont fait de la révolution digitale leur nouvelle martingale ! Une étude du cabinet révèle que près d’un Français sur dix estime qu’il perdra son emploi en raison du numérique dans les prochaines années.

28 May 2018

Plan Adviser (17.05.2018)  Sixteen percent of Americans plan on having gig economy jobs in retirement.

25 May 2018

The Guardian (23.05.2018) Workers across Europe, including 70,000 in UK, to be offered pay protections under new insurance policy The ride-hailing service said a new insurance policy, to be provided free to its drivers, would give them “peace of mind while preserving the flexibility they value”.

23 May 2018

PerthNow (14.05.2018) Ride-sharing giant Uber and online platforms like food delivery app Deliveroo will face government regulation to protect workers’ rights, Industrial Relations Minister Bill Johnston has vowed. Mr Johnston said players in the so-called gig economy were guilty of “driving wages down and reducing benefits for workers”, and predicted government regulation was inevitable. The WA Government is now considering whether the sector needs to be brought under the State’s industrial relations system. That would force Uber, food-delivery apps Uber Eats and Deliveroo, and local services marketplace Airtasker to pay insurance, workers’ compensation and, potentially, award wages. The platforms and others like them have sparked a boom in temporary, contract and part-time work, allowing people to work when, where and how it suits them. But they operate outside normal workplace laws, and those who sign up are not considered employees, instead classified as independent contractors — meaning they have few rights.

22 May 2018

EurActiv (17.05.2018) Freedom of services belongs to the four freedoms of the EU. Austria wants to fight its abuse with the help of digitisation. EURACTIV Germany reports from Vienna. The fight against “social fraud, in particular organised illegal work” is one of the main tasks laid down in the work program of the Austrian government. Of course, this is not just an issue that concerns Austria. In fact, in this case, the EU is challenged to lay the foundations for intergovernmental data exchange. The considerations made in this regard in Austria could become a European role model – and there is even a project waiting on “standby”.

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