The fight against poverty is one of the Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations. Children account for nearly one-half of the world's population; and over half of them are in poor countries. One person in five worldwide is a child in poverty. Family policy has an important role to play if this development goal is to be achieved.
Child poverty appears in various forms, including malnutrition, lack of medical care and uncertainty over the social situation of their parents. Children are exposed to the risk of being abandoned or orphaned, and they are sometimes forced to work. Are children increasingly exposed to the risk of poverty?
Fundamental children's rights generally focus on three areas: education, public health and protection against exploitation, violence and mistreatment. Reduction of child poverty involves a range of coordinated policies of which family policy is a leading component. What measures are social security organizations taking to reduce child poverty? Are these measures integrated in national family policy programmes designed to combat child poverty?