|Total population (million):||54.0|
|Percentage 65 or older:||5.6|
|Dependency ratio (a):||53.9|
|Life expectancy at birth (years) - Men:||54.7|
|Life expectancy at birth (years) - Women:||58.8|
|Statutory pensionable age - Men:||60|
|Statutory pensionable age - Women:||60|
|GDP per capita (USD):||13046|
SOURCES: The World Bank, World Development Indicators, available at http://databank.worldbank.org/data/reports.aspx?source=world-development-indicators; U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook, available at https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/; the country summaries in the publication: ISSA; SSA. Social security programs throughout the world - Africa 2015 (Washington, DC and Geneva).
NOTES: The age shown in the table is the general pensionable age or the age that applies to the largest covered population. GDP = gross domestic product; PPP = purchasing power parity. GDP estimates are converted into international dollars using PPP rates. Indicators and statistics are compiled as part of the research carried out by the ISSA in co-operation with the U.S. Social Security Administration (SSA) for the publication: ISSA; SSA. Social security programs throughout the world - Africa 2015 (Washington, DC and Geneva).
a. Population aged 14 or younger plus population aged 65 or older, divided by population aged 15-64.
b. General early pensionable age only; excludes early pensionable ages for specific groups of employees.
c. Regardless of age but subject to other requirements.
d. The country has no early pensionable age, has one only for specific groups, or information is not available.
e. The statutory old-age pension system has not yet been implemented.
Books, reports and articles
Rao; , Krishna; ; et al. 2014.
Socially responsible investment, decent work and pension funds. Concepts and international experiences
Fiscal space and the extension of social protection : lessons learnt from developing countries : Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Costa Rica, Lesotho, Namibia, Thailand and South Africa
Pensions, poverty and wellbeing: the impact of pensions in South Africa and Brazil, a comparative study
World Health Organization, (WHO). 2010. 107 p.
Migration and health in South Africa: a review of the Acurrent situation and recommendations for achieving the world health assembly resolution on the health of migrants
Non-standard employment under globalization : flexible work and social security in the newly industrializing countries
An INDEPTH WHO-SAGE collaboration
Atypical work and social protection in post-apartheid South Africa: preliminary thoughts about social policy imperative
Heading in many directions: Women, households and making a living in South Africas former homeland rural areas