Social Security Country Profiles Social Security Country Profiles

Country Flag
Total population:   11.29
GDP per capita (USD):   43992
Country Location in Map
Total population (million): 11.29
Percentage 65 or older: 18.2
Dependency ratio (a): 54.2
Life expectancy at birth (years) - Men: 78.1
Life expectancy at birth (years) - Women: 83.2
Statutory pensionable age - Men: 65
Statutory pensionable age - Women: 65
Early pensionable age - Men (b): 62
Early pensionable age - Women (b): 62
GDP per capita (USD): 43992

SOURCES: The World Bank, World Development Indicators, available at; U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook, available at; the country summaries in the publication: ISSA; SSA. Social security programs throughout the world – Europe 2016 (Washington, DC and Geneva).

NOTES: The age shown in the table is the general pensionable age or the age that applies to the largest covered population. GDP = gross domestic product; PPP = purchasing power parity. GDP estimates are converted into international dollars using PPP rates. Indicators and statistics are compiled as part of the research carried out by the ISSA in co-operation with the U.S. Social Security Administration (SSA) for the publication: ISSA; SSA. Social security programs throughout the world – Europe 2016 (Washington, DC and Geneva).

a.Population aged 14 or younger plus population aged 65 or older, divided by population aged 15-64.
b.General early pensionable age only; excludes early pensionable ages for specific groups of employees.
c.The country has no early pensionable age, has one only for specific groups, information is not available, or the pension is awarded at any age if certain qualifying conditions are met.
d.Data dates from 2005 or earlier.
e.The retirement age is flexible.

Please select a branch
EU's Mutual Information System on Social Protection (MISSOC)
The EU's Mutual Information System on Social Protection (MISSOC) provides detailed, comparable and regularly updated information about national social protection systems for the 28 EU Member States plus Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland. The MISSOC Tables Database contains detailed information on 12 main social protection areas presented in the form of comparative tables. Country-specific information is also available on the organization of social protection and on social security arrangements for self-employed people, as well as a citizen-friendly description (Guide) of the social protection system.Organisation of social protection (charts & descriptions) >>Comparative Tables Database >>Social protection of the self-employed >>Social Security Guides >>
Please select

Books, reports and articles

The 2015 pension adequacy report : Current and future income adequacy in old age in the EU : country profiles Volume II

European Commission, Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion. 2015. 368 p.

Des sociétés en bonne santé grâce à la sécurité sociale: vers un nouveau rôle pour la prévention

AISS, Séminaire technique "Démarches proactives et préventives dans la sécurité sociale - Soutenir la santé". 2012. 26

La seguridad social para una sociedad sana: adoptando un nuevo papel para la prevención

AISS, Seminario tecnico sobre "Enfoques de seguridad social proactivos y preventivos Apoyo a la salud". 2012. 26

Pawns or Pioneers? The Logic of User Participation in Anti-poverty Policy-making in Public Policy Units in Belgium

In Social Policy & Administration
Roets, Griet; Roose, Rudi; De Bie, Maria; Claes, Lien; van Hove, Geert. 2012. 16 p.

Social security for healthy societies: Embracing a new mandate for prevention

ISSA, Technical Seminar on "Proactive and Preventive Approaches in Social Security - Supporting Health". 2012. 26

Crise et protection sociale en Europe

Brlayova; Barbora. CAF. 2011. 158 p

Self-Employment in Europe

EEO Network Services. European Commission. 2010. 82 p.

The social situation in the European Union 2009

In The social situation in the European Union , (2009)
European Commission. 2010. 364 p.

Rapport stratégique sur la protection sociale et l’inclusion sociale : 2008-2010, Belgique

Service Politique de la Pauvreté du SPP Intégration sociale, (Belgique). Service public federal Sécurité sociale. 2009. Number of volumes : 1. 192 p.

Flexicurity in bismarckian countries? : old age protection for non-standard workers in Belgium

In Journal of Social Policy , N° 1, vol. 37 , (Jan. 2008)
Debels, Annelies; Peeters, Hans; Berghman, Jos; Verschraegen, Gert. 2008. p 125-143.

When a solution becomes the problem: the causes of policy reversal on early exit from the labour force

In Journal of European Social Policy , N° 4, vol. 18 , (Nov. 2008)
Kemmerling, Achim; Hartlapp, Miriam. 2008. p 366-379.

Belgique. Le système d'assurance chômage : un particularisme en sursis

In Chronique internationale de l'IRES , N° 108 , (septembre 2007)
Faniel, Jean. 2007. p 15-25.

Pensions in Belgium : new benchmark for the pensions industry

In Investments & Pension Europe (IPE) , n° ind , (Mar. 2007)
Stroobants, Karel. 2007. p 34-46.

Belgium: Enhancing the Cost Efficiency and Flexibility of the Health Sector to Adjust to Population Ageing

Sorbe, Stéphane. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

The European Social Fund and domestic activation policies: Europeanization mechanisms

In Journal of European Social Policy , n° 1, vol. 21 , (2011)
Verpoorten, Rika; Vanhercke, Bart; Verschraegen, Gert. p 55 -72.


Mutual Information System on Social Protection – MISSOC

European Commission. European Commission.

Office national des pensions

Office national des pensions, (ONP). ONP.

CLEISS : Régimes locaux

Centre des liaisons européennes et internationales de sécurité sociale. CLEISS.

Sistemas de protección social - MISSOC

Comisión Europea. Comisión Europea.

Sozialschutzsysteme in den Mitgliedstaaten - MISSOC

Europäische Kommission. Europäische Kommission.

Systèmes de protection sociale – MISSOC

Commission européenne. Commission européenne.


Landespensionsamtes, (LPA). LPA.