|Total population (million):||11.29|
|Percentage 65 or older:||18.2|
|Dependency ratio (a):||54.2|
|Life expectancy at birth (years) - Men:||78.1|
|Life expectancy at birth (years) - Women:||83.2|
|Statutory pensionable age - Men:||65|
|Statutory pensionable age - Women:||65|
|Early pensionable age - Men (b):||62|
|Early pensionable age - Women (b):||62|
|GDP per capita (USD):||43992|
SOURCES: The World Bank, World Development Indicators, available at http://databank.worldbank.org/data/reports.aspx?source=world-development-indicators; U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook, available at https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/; the country summaries in the publication: ISSA; SSA. Social security programs throughout the world – Europe 2016 (Washington, DC and Geneva).
NOTES: The age shown in the table is the general pensionable age or the age that applies to the largest covered population. GDP = gross domestic product; PPP = purchasing power parity. GDP estimates are converted into international dollars using PPP rates. Indicators and statistics are compiled as part of the research carried out by the ISSA in co-operation with the U.S. Social Security Administration (SSA) for the publication: ISSA; SSA. Social security programs throughout the world – Europe 2016 (Washington, DC and Geneva).
a.Population aged 14 or younger plus population aged 65 or older, divided by population aged 15-64.
b.General early pensionable age only; excludes early pensionable ages for specific groups of employees.
c.The country has no early pensionable age, has one only for specific groups, information is not available, or the pension is awarded at any age if certain qualifying conditions are met.
d.Data dates from 2005 or earlier.
e.The retirement age is flexible.
Books, reports and articles
The 2015 pension adequacy report : Current and future income adequacy in old age in the EU : country profiles Volume II
Pawns or Pioneers? The Logic of User Participation in Anti-poverty Policy-making in Public Policy Units in Belgium
Roets, Griet; Roose, Rudi; De Bie, Maria; Claes, Lien; van Hove, Geert. 2012. 16 p.
Application of information and communication technologies for health systems in Belgium, Denmark, Spain, the United Kingdom and Sweden
European Commission. 2010. 364 p.
Aplicación de las tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones en los sistemas de salud de Bélgica, Dinamarca, España, Reino Unido y Suecia
Debels, Annelies; Peeters, Hans; Berghman, Jos; Verschraegen, Gert. 2008. p 125-143.
When a solution becomes the problem: the causes of policy reversal on early exit from the labour force
Kemmerling, Achim; Hartlapp, Miriam. 2008. p 366-379.
Faniel, Jean. 2007. p 15-25.
Stroobants, Karel. 2007. p 34-46.
Belgium: Enhancing the Cost Efficiency and Flexibility of the Health Sector to Adjust to Population Ageing
Verpoorten, Rika; Vanhercke, Bart; Verschraegen, Gert. p 55 -72.